Lemon Grove Won’t Join State Move Allowing Less Transparent Government

Aiming to save money, lawmakers halted Brown Act rules on meeting notices, closed-session reports.

Lemon Grove officials say they won’t change longstanding policies of public transparency in the wake of softened Brown Act rules.

In June, California cities and counties were given the option of becoming more secretive.

The state Legislature suspended Brown Act mandates that local jurisdictions—cities, counties, school districts, water districts and special districts—post meeting agendas for the public. The suspension also allows local boards and councils to forgo reporting to the public about actions taken during closed-session meetings.

The number of California municipalities choosing to abandon the transparency mandates is unknown.

But Lemon Grove plans to continue its practice of posting agendas ahead of meetings and announcing the results of closed sessions.

“I have checked with our city manager, and we shall continue to keep the public informed in our usual manner,” Councilwoman Mary England said via email Monday, citing City Manager Graham Mitchell. “Nothing shall be changed.”

Information about Tuesday night’s council agenda at the Lemon Grove Community Center, for example, is posted on the city’s website.

Former San Diego Councilwoman Donna Frye recently told the San Diego Reader that efforts to water down the Brown Act would be “bad news for the public.”

“It would be impossible for the public to participate if no agenda was posted,” the Reader quoted Frye as saying. “However, I believe the City of San Diego will still comply with the agenda posting requirements. If not, I am certain that the public and media outrage would be immediate and severe.”

Jim Ewert, general counsel for the California Newspaper Publishers Association, told the Riverside Press-Enterprise he is “significantly concerned” about the suspension.

Citizens have no legal recourse, if some officials “see it in their best interest to cut a corner here or there,” Ewert was quoted as saying last week.

The League of California Cities is expected to release an official statement on the issue soon, but the group’s communications director Eva Spiegel said for now the suggestion to cities is “stick with the status quo.”

“The League has been very involved with the Brown Act,” she said. “We have always encouraged transparency.”

How the state came to the decision of suspending the Brown Act mandates boiled down to one thing: money.

In California, mandates placed on local jurisdictions by Sacramento must be funded by the state. In the case of the Brown Act mandates, the state was subsidizing nearly $100 million a year by some estimates.

So in an effort to cut expenditures, the state decided to suspend the mandates.

In the southwest Riverside County town of Murrieta, Councilman Doug McAllister wasn't happy with the suspension of Brown Act provisions, calling it “way beyond the pale.”

“By pulling the requirement ... they … avoid the unfunded mandate argument knowing that local government will still notice as always. Just another budget scheme from Sacramento on the backs of local government,” he said.

But according to public-agency watchdog Californians Aware, local jurisdictions learned how to milk the system.

They “could get a windfall of cash for doing something they had always done: preparing and posting meeting agendas for their governing and other bodies as mandated by Brown Act amendments passed in 1986—but as, in fact, routinely done anyway since time immemorial to satisfy practical and political expectations,” the nonprofit reported Friday.

In fact, according to Terry Francke of Californians Aware,  the city of Vista claimed $20,174 reimbursement from the state for having posted notices for 109 meetings in 2005-06.

“The city claimed the flat rate for 90 shorter agendas,” Francke said of Vista. “The city claimed 30 minutes of staff time (at a $46.17 hourly rate) to prepare each item on the other agendas. For example, the city council’s Dec. 13, 2005, hearing included 35 agenda items; the city claimed $808.”

The San Francisco Chronicle summarized the history of the Brown Act:

The Brown Act, named for the Modesto assemblyman who authored it, requires that at least 72 hours before a public meeting, local legislative bodies must post an agenda "containing a brief general description of each item of business to be transacted or discussed ... in a location that is freely accessible to members of the public and on the local agency's Internet Web site." The act also stipulates that all decisions made in closed session must be announced publicly.

Murrieta City Attorney Leslie Devaney said the issue was just now getting the attention of local jurisdictions and some sorting out was left to do.

State Sen. Leland Yee, D-San Francisco, has introduced Senate Constitutional Amendment (SCA 7) that would ask California voters if they want the transparency. The amendment is stalled in committee.

“To anyone who's been watching this issue for a while, the real news is not that the Brown Act can be so dependent on the state budget,” said Francke, the California media law expert and general counsel for what it known as CalAware. “The real news is that 17 people in Sacramento are denying the public the chance to say ‘Enough.’ ”

In the meantime, the suspension could last through 2015, so it appears the public will need to demand transparency from its representatives if it wants to stay informed, Francke said.

McAllister of Murrieta could only offer so much.

“Regardless of what the state has done,” he said, “I doubt we'’ll water down our reporting/noticing at all as it is the council’s policy to be as transparent as possible.”

Toni McAllister and Maggie Avants of Patch.com contributed to this report.

Helen Ofield July 16, 2012 at 04:49 PM
Good for Lemon Grove for staying with the Brown Act mandate. Other responsible cities will undoubtedly do this, too. Those of us who serve on appointed boards and/or commissions are also governed by the Brown Act and welcome the full disclosure and notifications mandated. In this distracted age, when citizens are besieged with economic hassles, pop culture trivialities, educational worries and more, proper notification of essential meetings by elected and appointed bodies is central to our democratic republic. Eliminating Brown Act notifications in the name of cost-cutting is the unkindest cut of all.
James Davis July 16, 2012 at 07:17 PM
This is transparent govt. There are always going to be some issues here or there in little Lemon Grove that may not be 'popular' or agreeable, but doing the right thing for the sake of transparency should not have a price tag that is negotiable. I still believe we are turning around here in the Grove for the future. Establishing building blocks like this and setting precedent is the best way to move forward. Unfortunately as I have heard in some council meetings, this mode of thinking hasnt always been how decisions were made years ago. Well done LG.
John Crandall July 17, 2012 at 01:48 AM
Great Story, Ken.
LemonGroove July 18, 2012 at 05:44 PM
Good for us LG. Doing the right thing is not always the easiest thing to do. I know, I appreciate it.
Ken Stone July 27, 2012 at 09:05 PM
Update: School boards and community college district governing boards have to obey the old Brown Act mandates because they are stipulated under the Education Code and other policies. So expect public school boards to post meeting notices 72 hours in advance, as in the past. More details: http://patch.com/A-w21j


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